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Agriculture Research Station, Bikaner

ARS, Bikaner

Agricultural Research Station, Bikaner was established in 1997 to cater research and extension needs of Agro-climatic zone Ic (Hyper arid partially irrigated western plain) of Rajasthan. It is situated at 28010’ N latitude, 73035’ E longitude and 235 meter above mean sea level. Zone occupies an area 7.71 mha geographical area spread over Bikaner & Jaisalmer district and four tehsils of Churu district i.e. Ratangarh, Sujangarh, Sardarshahar and Bidasar. The average rainfalls vary from 141 mm in Jaisalmer to 325 mm in Churu. The mean daily maximum temperature goes beyond 460 C during summer and lowers up to 140 C during winters. Similarly, mean daily minimum temperature during summers reaches up to > 300 C and come down to below freezing point during winters. The area is characterized by stormy southwest winds with frequent dust storms. 70 per cent cultivated area is rainfed. Crop production in this part gambles with monsoon. Soils of the zone are sandy in texture, very low in fertility with respect to almost all nutrients. Soils are aeolian in nature with very high permeability at surface and low in nutrient and water retention capacity. Considerable area under the zone has hard pan at varying depths. Some soils of the zone are gypsiferous also.

The major kharif crops of the zone are pearl millet, moth bean & cluster bean under rainfed condition and ground nut under irrigated conditions. In rabi season chickpea, mustard, wheat are the major crops.

Lead functions:

Soil salinity, STCR, Forage crop research, Moth bean, Date palm, Biotechnological approach for improvement of arid crops, Agro-meteorology, Precision farming and insect pest & disease surveillance.

Verification functions:

Pearl millet, cluster bean, groundnut, mustard, weed management, and arid medicinal plants.


Laboratories :

Well established laboratories in various projects viz, Salinity, Soil Test Crop Response, Arid legume etc. to serve the purpose of analysis in almost all related disciplines.

Orchards 13.3 ha

  Date palm  8.0 ha 

  Ber   1.8 ha

  Citrus   3 ha (Lemon, Kinnow, Mousambi)

  Guava  0.5 ha

Experimental Area 30 ha

Seed production farm 57 ha

Demonstration unit

  Gravity drip system

  Demo on drip system for fennel, garlic, cabbage, onion

  Low tunnel with different cucurbit crops of this zone

Recent Recommendations included in Package of Practices of the zone 1c

Soil test based fertilizer prescription equation for onion is developed and available at ARS, Bikaner

Soil test based fertilizer prescription equation for fenugreek is developed and available at ARS, Bikaner

Oat performs better with six irrigations

Month wise daily water requirement of sweet orange is developed and available at ARS, Bikaner

Fertilizer schedule for sweet orange is developed and available at ARS, Bikaner

Stage wise water requirement for cabbage, tomato, brinjal, cumin and garlic is developed and available at ARS, Bikaner


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